Food and Agriculture Features and Impacts
Timothy Johnson and his team are working to develop a tool called Minnesota Poultry Pathogen Population Analysis (MnPoPPA) for the assessment of pathogen ecology by poultry producers in Minnesota. They also plan to design modeling approaches that can be used to predict pathogen population shifts following implementation of a vaccine within a poultry producing system.
Bill Hutchinson and his team are working to determine how Spotted Wing Drosophila phenology and biology impacts production of cold hardy grapes in Minnesota. The results that are generated through this project will provide the basis for an effective Integrated Pest Management program for the industry.
Dr. Rafael Bisinotto and his team are working on a comprehensive assessment of hoof diseases based on description of specific lesions at various stages of lactation. They hope this will provides insight into how lameness affects behavior, inflammatory status, and specific reproductive parameters in lactating dairy cows.
Robert Craven and Kevin Klair and their team are working directly with farmers experiencing financial stress to understand their financial situation and explore options to keep their farm functioning. They will also develop resources to respond to financial downturns that impact ag production.
Dr. Julio Alvarez and his team are using records of isolates collected in Minnesota over the last ten years to characterize antimicrobial resistance determinants present in Salmonella serotypes of human and animal origin and of most relevance for public and animal health.
Douglas Marthaler and his team are working to understand the genetic and phenotypic differences between Streptococcus suis strains. The proper identification and classification of S. suis isolates will enable veterinarians to make accurate evaluations of isolates associated with clinical disease.
Yuzhi Li and her team are exploring how to utilize Social Network Analysis to predict development of tail biting, and identify potential tail biters and victimized pigs. They hypothesize that tail biting behavior is a consequence of unbalanced or disturbed social structure, which can occur and spread through undesired social interactions.
Srinand Sreevatsan and his research team are working to develop a versatile, safe, and orally or intranasally administered vaccine platform against infectious diseases of animals based on purified target antigens adsorbed to alginate nanoparticles.
Spring wheat is grown on more than 1.5 million acres in Minnesota, making it our third most popular crop. But wheat varieties in the region have become vulnerable to Fusarium Head Blight (FHB), leaf rust, stem rust, and bacterial leaf streak, destructive diseases of wheat and barley that put crops, and thus our food supply, at risk. #MNImpacts
Ian MacRae and his team are exploring the use of drones for remotely sensing crop stress. Their research will focus on evaluating the effectiveness of current technolgies and sharing their findings with agricultural professionals throughout the region.