Food and Agriculture Features and Impacts

The University of Minnesota (UMN), in collaboration with the University of Saskatchewan, has released a new white hull oat variety called ‘MN-Pearl.’ MN-Pearl is a high-yielding variety with good straw strength and high groat percentage. It also has good overall disease resistance including moderate crown rust resistance and excellent smut resistance.

The University of Minnesota has released a new hard red spring wheat variety called ‘MN-Washburn.’ MN-Washburn features excellent straw strength and good overall disease resistance. In particular, it contains the bdv2 gene for resistance to Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus making in an excellent choice in years when BYDV is prevalent.

Dr. Pieters and her partners are working to characterize the detection of M. hyopneumoniae in processing fluids (PF), identify probable sources of the bacterium, and to evaluate the potential use of PF in M. hyopneumoniae monitoring and surveillance programs.

Dr. Vannucci and his partners are working to determine the impact of biosecurity procedures on the transmission and spread of Senecavirus A between pig populations.

Sinisa Vidovic and his team are working to develop a live, attenuated vaccine against critical outer membrane proteins (OMPs), which can prevent Salmonella colonization of chickens and turkeys.

Brian Steffenson and his team are working to develop barley varieties that are resistant to Bacterial Leaf Streak, thereby ameliorating the losses due to this significant disease.

Lindsey Pease and her team are working to update and revise the Minnesota Phosphorus Site Risk Index (MNPI) tool. The MNPI must be updated to correspond with a recent policy change by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service regarding how erosion is predicted across landscapes.

Dr. Pieters and her partners are investigating the role of antimicrobial resistance on Mycoplasma eradication, to generate a PCR based test for M. hyopneumoniae selected antimicrobial susceptibility, and to evaluate the predictive value of the test in eradication success.

Sunil Kumar Mor and his team are studying the evolution and genomic constellations of newly re-emerging, lameness-associated turkey arthritis reoviruses (TARV) with a view to develop highly sensitive and specific diagnostic assays and to develop and evaluate safe and effective vaccines.

Abby Neu and her team are evaluating the delivery pathways for educational materials, workshops, and assistance for poultry producers related to biosecurity. By exploring the reliability of existing communication strategies they hope to discover gaps in communications and, ultimately, find new communications solutions.